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A BRIEF HISTORY OF CIVIL DEFENCE
KINDLY PUT TOGETHER BY THE CIVIL DEFENCE ASSOCIATION
Click on the link below to read about Civil Defence/ Home front in Lancashire
Extract From Civil Defence Film 1939
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Civil Defence leaflet (1939 ) page 1
Although under the authority of the Home Office, with a centralised administrative establishment, the corps was administered locally by Corps Authorities. In general every county was a Corps Authority, as were most county boroughs in England and Wales and large burghs in Scotland. The CDC was never established in Northern Ireland. Each Corps Authority established its own Division of the corps.
Each division was divided into several sections:
- Headquarters Section, responsible for staffing control centres and divided into three sub-sections.
- Intelligence and Operations Sub-Section, responsible for recording and analysing information and preparing instructions.
- Signal Sub-Section, responsible for installing, operating and maintaining communications systems.
- Scientific and Reconnaissance Sub-Section, responsible for advising controllers on scientific and technical aspects of nuclear, biological and chemical warfare, and providing reconnaissance parties (especially to monitor nuclear fallout).
- Warden Section, responsible for local reconnaissance and reporting, and leadership, organisation, guidance and control of the public.
- Rescue Section, responsible for rescue operations, demolition and debris clearance.
- Ambulance and First Aid Section, built around peacetime local ambulance services. This section did not exist in Scotland, where the Scottish Ambulance Servicewas expected to perform ambulance functions and specialist casualty wardens of the Warden Section to perform first aid functions.
- Welfare Section, responsible for the welfare of those rendered homeless and/or deprived of normal facilities, including evacuation, accommodation, feeding, sanitation, clothing, nursing, information etc.
In London the City of London and London boroughs were Corps Authorities, but their divisions only had Headquarters, Warden and Welfare Sections. The London County Council organised the Rescue and Ambulance and First Aid Sections centrally and also shared responsibility for the Welfare Sections.
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